Jean-Emmanuel "Valnoir" Simoulin (1979) studied graphic design at EPSAA (Paris) for 5 years and graduated in 2004. At first mostly influenced by the Slovenian collective NSK, he withdrew from commercial and corporate design to focus on extreme underground music scenes, such as noise, industrial and black metal. In 2006 he wrote a manifesto stating that the client must trust the designer's artistic stance from A to Z, accept or reject the project in its entirety, without any compromise.
Nowadays, his work oscillates between visually overloaded religious/ totalitarian decors and violent narrative concepts, between graphic minimalism and experiments involving the human body, such as printing posters with human blood-based ink (2010), sewing patches onto human skin (2012) or making ink out of human bones (2013). In 2012, he joined the Norwegian director Morten Traavik in his contemporary art program in North Korea, to collaborate, as a designer on various projects in cooperation with this state.
In 2015, he took part of the Laibach tour in DPRK, for the first rock show in the history of the country.His studio, Metastazis, is based in Paris.